Cyanidin 3-glucoside from Queen Garnet plums and purple carrots attenuates DSS-induced inflammatory bowel disease in rats

Ghattamaneni, Naga K.R. and Panchal, Sunil K. and Brown, Lindsay (2019) Cyanidin 3-glucoside from Queen Garnet plums and purple carrots attenuates DSS-induced inflammatory bowel disease in rats. Journal of Functional Foods, 56. pp. 194-203. ISSN 1756-4646

Abstract

We have investigated whether dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in rats can be ameliorated by intervention with cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G). Rats were given either normal water (C) or 0.5% DSS (D) in drinking water for 12 weeks. C3G 8 mg/kg/day as Queen Garnet plum (Q) juice, purple carrot (P) juice or pure compound was added in food for final 6 weeks to C rats to give CQ, CP and CC groups, and to D rats to give DQ, DP and DC groups. No symptoms of IBD were observed in C, CQ, CP or CC rats. D rats had bloody diarrhoea, ileal and colonic mucosal atrophy, and inflammation. Compared to D rats, DQ, DP and DC rats showed improved stool consistency (P < 0.0001) and bleeding (P < 0.0001), reduced ileum (P < 0.0001) and colon inflammation (P < 0.0001), with no changes in gut microbiota. Thus, supplementation with C3G-containing foods may ameliorate the symptoms of IBD.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 30 May 2019 01:07
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2019 06:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease; dextran sodium sulphate; anthocyanins; Cyanidin 3-glucoside; Queen Garnet plum; purple carrot
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111103 Nutritional Physiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111501 Basic Pharmacology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2019.01.028
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36270

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