The precipitation and solubility of aluminium hydroxyfluoride hydrate between 30 and 70°C

Ntuk, Ubong and Tait, Stephan and White, Edward T. and Steel, Karen M. (2015) The precipitation and solubility of aluminium hydroxyfluoride hydrate between 30 and 70°C. Hydrometallurgy, 155. pp. 79-87. ISSN 0304-386X


This paper considers the recovery of fluoride from spent pot-lining (SPL) in the form of aluminium hydroxy-fluoride (AHF), AlFx(OH)3 − x, with the intent of recycling the fluoride back into Al smelting pots. This study uses ion speciation equilibria calculations combined with dissolution experiments to examine the solubility (and thus potential yield of recovery) for the crystallization of AHF from synthetic solutions. Results suggest that when sodium hydroxide is used for pH adjustment, a high fluoride to aluminium (F:Al) ratio can be problematic because of the competitive co- recipitation of sodium fluoroaluminates. Further, for an F:Al ratio of 1.6 and pH of 4.9, the desired high purity AHF product can be produced. Results from solubility experiments strongly suggest that the AHF has a molecular formula of AlF2OH·H2O and yields a pKsp at 25 °C of 24.52 ± 0.05 and a heat of reaction (ΔHR) of −23.48 ± 2.9 kJ/mol for the following reaction:
Al F2ð Þ OH ð Þs ⇆Al3þ ð Þ aq þ 2 F− ð Þ aq þ OH− ð Þ aq

The primary means for inducing precipitation of AHF is pH adjustment/control, with temperature being a secondary means. The precipitation of AHF is beset by the competitive co-precipitation of other minerals, therefore restricting the operating conditions of the precipitation process for high purity AHF to a low pH (4–5). High temperatures (50–70 °C) are expected to be advantageous for precipitation owing to the solubility behaviour observed.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 36195
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 12 May 2019 23:50
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 02:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: spent potlining, spent potliner, aluminium hydroxyfluoride, ionic speciation, precipitation
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2015.04.010

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only