Investigating the influence of novel drying methods on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.): kinetics, energy consumption, color, and microstructure

Onwude, Daniel I. and Hashim, Norhashila and Abdan, Khalina and Janius, Rimfiel and Chen, Guangnan (2018) Investigating the influence of novel drying methods on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.): kinetics, energy consumption, color, and microstructure. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 41 (4 - e12686). pp. 1-12. ISSN 0145-8876

Abstract

This study investigated the drying kinetics, specific energy consumption (SEC), color, and microstructural changes of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) based on experimental set-up of convective hot-air drying (CHAD), infrared drying (IRD), and combined infrared and convective-hot-air drying (IR-CHAD). The experiments were carried out at three air temperatures (50, 60 and 70 °C) and two IR intensities (1,100 and 1,400 W/m2) for sweet potato slices of 4 and 6 mm, respectively. The experimental results showed that the drying kinetics and mass transfer characteristic were significantly affected by drying air temperature, IR intensity, and thickness of the product. Combined IR-CHAD provided a higher drying rate with the shortest drying time when compared with CHAD and IRD. The IRD resulted in the lowest SEC values. The combined IR-CHAD resulted in 69.34–85.59% reduction in the SEC of CHAD. For combined IR-CHAD, an increase in the IR intensity at each temperature and slice thickness caused a decrease in the total SEC value. Dried sweet potato slices using CHAD and IR1-CHAD at intensity of 1,100 W/m2 showed the best color attributes. Combined IR-CHAD proved to be a very efficient drying method for the drying sweet potato and can be used for both industrial and commercial purposes. Practical applications: The rising concern regarding a more efficient drying method has rapidly increased the demand for novel drying techniques that can be used to produce premium dried sweet potato. However, most of these novel drying methods have not been thoroughly investigated and technical comparison with the common conventional methods have not been widely reported. In this respect, this study has shown that the novel combined IR-CHAD is a very promising drying method for the industrial drying of sweet potato. This drying method could reduce the over drying time by 63–74% and SEC by 85% when compared with drying using conventional CHAD method. The combined IR-CHAD at a lower IR intensity of 1,100 W/m2 could also provide dried sweet potato of better quality. The will amount to a reduction of the overall production cost which adversely could affect the prices of the final quality products.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2019 05:55
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 01:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: drying, sweet potato, energy consumption
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8203 Industrial Crops > 820399 Industrial Crops not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/jfpe.12686
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36165

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