Low-cost filter media for removal of hydrogen sulphide from piggery biogas

Skerman, A. G. and Heubeck, S. and Batstone, D. J. and Tait, S. (2017) Low-cost filter media for removal of hydrogen sulphide from piggery biogas. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 105. pp. 117-126. ISSN 1744-3598


The presence of elevated concentrations of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) in piggery biogas is problematic due to its corrosiveness and toxicity. At small scale, the cost of using iron or carbon-based commercial filter media to remove H2S can act as a barrier to the uptake of on-farm biogas technology. To identify cost-effective, alternative options, this study tested and compared H2S removal by the commercial iron-oxide H2S scavenger (cg5) with the alternative solid media: granulated steel furnace slag (GSFS), red soil, compost, composted beef feedlot manure, granular activated carbon (GAC) and biochar. Experiments measured single-pass H2S removal from a pre-humidified standard gas (2000 ppm H2S in nitrogen) onto solid media contained in a cylindrical plastic column (DN 25 mm, depth 110–147 mm). The commercial medium (cg5) performed considerably better than the other media, achieving sulphur removal of 143 g S/kg medium at breakthrough (>10 ppm outlet H2S). A red soil was the most promising alternative medium (2–12 g S/kg medium at breakthrough). The crystalline structure of the iron-oxide minerals appeared to strongly influence the H2S removal capacity of the red soils, and pressure drop was generally high. Bulking with ground sugarcane mulch (SCM) was effective at reducing pressure drop. Interestingly, H2S removal with red soil improved when the soil was regenerated by exposure to air, followed by reuse in the column. Overall, red soil may be a suitable low-cost option, especially for polishing biogas after initial biological H2S removal.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2019 01:03
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 03:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogas, hydrogen sulphide, iron-oxide, pig, swine, manure
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2016.11.001
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36081

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