Elevated fluoride in groundwater of Siwani Block, Western Haryana, India: a potential concern for sustainable water supplies for drinking and irrigation

Ali, Shakir and Shekhar, Shashank and Bhattacharya, Prosun and Verma, Gaurav and Chandrasekhar, Trupti and Chandrashekhar, A. K. (2018) Elevated fluoride in groundwater of Siwani Block, Western Haryana, India: a potential concern for sustainable water supplies for drinking and irrigation. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 7. pp. 410-420. ISSN 2352-801X

Abstract

Groundwater pollution is a serious health concern in north-western India. In this study, we have reported very high concentration of fluoride i.e. 18.5 and 16.6 mg/l from Sainiwas locality in Siwani block of Bhiwani district, Haryana, India. The values are much higher than the permissible limit set by WHO and BIS. The evapotranspiration in the area leads to Ca2+ precipitation, which allows an increase in F- content in the groundwater. In addition, the replacement of hydroxyl of secondary clay mineral under alkaline condition is responsible for release of F-. In absence of alternative source, the fluoride polluted groundwater in some of these localities is also used for drinking. Further, the suitability of groundwater for irrigation is also evaluated by various parameters such as Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR), Sodium Percentage (Na%), Kelly's Ratio (KR), Magnesium Hazard (MH) and Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC). It emerges out that in a few localities, groundwater is not suitable for irrigation and with respect to Magnesium Hazard (MH) almost all samples are unsuitable for irrigation. This article highlights groundwater quality of Siwani block in Haryana and proposes for immediate remedial measures.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2019 03:08
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 04:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: dental and skeletal fluorosis; fluoride pollution; Haryana; India; salinity
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040603 Hydrogeology
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.gsd.2018.05.008
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36006

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