Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea

Chandrasekharam, Dornadula and Lashin, Aref and Al Arifi, Nassir and Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz and Chandrasekhar, Varun (2018) Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 11 (17 - Article 523). ISSN 1866-7511

Abstract

Eritrea is a country with rich gold, silver and base-metal deposits and geothermal energy resources associated with all the five volcanoes located within the Danakil graben. Due to low rainfall, the country has to depend on imported food and food imports have crossed > 46% in the recent years. Although the cultivable land is about 16,000 km2, only 5030 km2 land is being cultivated due to insufficient water resources. The per capita water requirement is projected to fall below 1300 m3/year from the present 1470 m3/year. The country’s GDP has fallen from 1.3% in 2013 to 0.3% in 2015. Each geothermal province associated with the active volcanoes can support to generate 445 million m3 of desalinated water from the Red Sea. Providing basic needs like water and energy will boost the country’s economy and lift the socio-economic status of 6 million people in the country. © 2018, Saudi Society for Geosciences.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2019 02:01
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 01:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alid; Danakil; desalination; food security; geothermal resources; groundwater; water security; basic needs; energy resource; geothermal energy; Gross Domestic Product; groundwater resource; resource management; socioeconomic status; water management; water planning; water resource; Afar; Eritrea; Indian Ocean; Red Sea
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040603 Hydrogeology
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s12517-018-3892-9
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35961

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