The potential contribution of geothermal energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia

Chandrasekharam, D. and Lashin, Aref and Arifi, Nassir Al (2014) The potential contribution of geothermal energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 35 (9). pp. 824-833. ISSN 1478-6451


With increase in demand for electricity at 7.5% per year, the major concern of Saudi Arabia is the amount of CO2 being emitted. The country has the potential of generating 200 × 106 kWh from hydrothermal sources and 120 × 106 terawatt hour from Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) sources. In addition to electricity generation and desalination, the country has substantial source for direct application such as space cooling and heating, a sector that consumes 80% of the electricity generated from fossil fuels. Geothermal energy can offset easily 17 million kWh of electricity that is being used for desalination. At least a part of 181,000 Gg of CO2 emitted by conventional space cooling units can also be mitigated through ground-source heat pump technology immediately. Future development of EGS sources together with the wet geothermal systems will make the country stronger in terms of oil reserves saved and increase in exports.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2019 23:08
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2019 23:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: geothermal energy, EGS, carbon dioxide, CDM, ground-source heat pump
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/14786451.2014.950966

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