On-farm trials of practical options for hydrogen sulphide removal from piggery biogas

Skerman, A. G. and Heubeck, S. and Batstone, D. J. and Tait, S. (2018) On-farm trials of practical options for hydrogen sulphide removal from piggery biogas. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 117. pp. 675-683. ISSN 0957-5820


Manure-derived biogas is increasingly used at Australian piggeries to produce heat and generate electricity. However, high concentrations of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) in piggery biogas is discouraging further use, because of a lack of practical, cost-effective H2S removal options. To address this issue, on-farm trials were conducted at two piggeries. One trial tested H2S oxidation; adding small amounts of air to biogas, upstream of a low-cost enhanced surface treatment vessel which was fabricated on-farm with intrinsic safety measures. Covered anaerobic pond (CAP) effluent provided a convenient, low-cost nutrient source for the biofilm of naturally-occurring microorganisms in the packed column. This treatment was effective, removing over 90% of the H2S in a single pass and reducing H2S concentrations from 4000 ppm to <400 ppm. Another trial tested chemisorption performance of natural, iron-rich red soil, mixed with a ground sugar cane mulch bulking agent, in comparison with cg5 commercial media (iron-oxide pellets). The red soil removed H2S, but had a substantially lower capacity (∼2 g S/kg red soil) than the cg5 (∼200 g S/kg media). Accordingly, red soil is unlikely to be feasible as a primary treatment medium, but may be useful for final polishing after an oxidation step has removed most of the H2S.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 04:46
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 01:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogas, hydrogen sulphide, iron oxide, micro-aeration, pig, manure
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2018.07.040
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35773

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