Measuring the severity of close encounters between ringed small bodies and planets

Wood, Jeremy and Horner, Jonti and Hinse, Tobias C. and Marsden, Stephen C. (2018) Measuring the severity of close encounters between ringed small bodies and planets. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 480 (3). pp. 4183-4198. ISSN 0035-8711

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Rings have recently been discovered around the trans-Neptunian object (TNO) 136108 Haumea and the Centaur 10199 Chariklo. Rings are also suspected around the Centaur 2060 Chiron. As planetary close encounters with ringed small bodies can affect ring longevity, we previously
measured the severity of such encounters of Chariklo and Chiron using the minimum encounter distance, dmin. The value of dmin that separates noticeable encounters from non-noticeable encounters we called the ‘ring limit’, R. R was then approximated as 10 tidal disruption distances, 10Rtd. In this work, we seek to find analytical expressions for R that fully account for the effects of the planet mass, small body mass, ms, ring orbital radius, r, and velocity at
infinity, v∞, for fictitious ringed Centaurs using ranges 2 × 1020 kg ≤ms≤ 1 Pluto mass and 25 000 ≤r ≤ 100 000 km. To accomplish this, we use numerical integration to simulate close encounters between each giant planet and ringed Centaurs in the three-body planar problem. The results show that R has a lower bound of approximately 1.8Rtd. We compare analytical and experimental R values for a fictitious Haumea, Chariklo, and Chiron with r= 50 000 km.
The agreement is excellent for Haumea, but weaker for Chariklo and Chiron. The agreement is best for Jupiter and Saturn. The ring limits of the real Haumea, Chariklo, and Chiron are <4Rtd. Experimental R values for the fictitious bodies make better approximations for the R values of the real bodies than does 10Rtd. Analytical values make good first approximations.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2019 05:08
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 03:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: planets and satellites; dynamical evolution and stability; rings; minor planets; asteroids; Chariklo; Chiron; Haumea
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020108 Planetary Science (excl. Extraterrestrial Geology)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2047

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