Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: conceptual model and trial indicator measurement methodologies from the kids in communities study

Goldfeld, Sharon and Woolcock, Geoffrey and Katz, Ilan and Tanton, Robert and Brinkman, Sally and O'Connor, E. and Mathews, T. and Giles-Corti, Billi (2015) Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: conceptual model and trial indicator measurement methodologies from the kids in communities study. Social Indicators Research, 120 (1). pp. 197-212. ISSN 0303-8300

Abstract

Socio-environmental factors, including the neighbourhoods in which children live and grow, are key determinants of children’s developmental outcomes. Thus, it is important to examine and consider the relationships between these factors and the multiple contexts that influence children. Drawing on a broad disciplinary range of existing research, we aimed to develop a conceptual model of neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development. The neighbourhood effects literature was reviewed with a specific focus on existing models and frameworks. This review was then further expanded through consultation with our cross-disciplinary research collaboration (Kids in Communities Study Collaboration). From this a theoretical model specific to early childhood development was developed. The hypothesised model comprised five interconnected domains: physical, social, service, socio-economic, and governance. A small trial of indicator measurement was conducted and findings were used to make a series of recommendations regarding measures or indicators which might provide useful and effective for neighbourhood effects research. The proposed model provides a useful and novel conceptual framework for classifying neighbourhood effects research. By synthesising disparate but related areas of research, the resultant five domains provide a useful approach to understanding and measuring child development in the context of community and environment, therefore advancing knowledge in this area. Expanding the current neighbourhood effects paradigm to accommodate broader constructs appears critical in considering the multiple environments that may act as key determinants of children’s wellbeing and psychosocial outcomes.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 00:28
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 01:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australian Early Development Index (AEDI), community indicators, early childhood development, environment, neighbourhood
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35703

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