Milled industrial beet color kinetics and total soluble solid contents by image analysis

Pothula, Anand Kumar and Igathinathane, C. and Shen, Jiacheng and Nichols, K. and Archer, David (2015) Milled industrial beet color kinetics and total soluble solid contents by image analysis. Industrial crops and products, 65. pp. 159-169. ISSN 0926-6690

Abstract

Industrial beets are an emerging feedstock for biofuel and bioproducts industry in the US. Milling of industrial beets is the primary step in front end processing for ethanol production. Milled beets undergo color change during juice extraction. A custom designed computer vision system for measurement of milled beet color kinetics, consisting of a digital camera, custom-designed non-reflective enclosure, and color calibration method was developed in the present study. Beet samples of five different total soluble solids (TSS) contents were prepared by washing with cold water for color kinetics measurement. An artificial neural network model was used for converting the red, green, and blue (RGB) values of the acquired sample images to L*a*b* values. Seven color parameters (L*, a*, b*, hue, chroma, browning index (BI), and total color change (δE)) were analyzed. Page, user-defined polynomial, and fractional conversion models gave better fits for the experimental data with color parameters than the zeroth order, first order, exponential, and Peleg kinetic models. Of the color parameters studied, L* (Page R2>0.99, user-defined polynomial R2>0.97, and fractional R2>0.93) and δE (Page R2>0.98, user-defined polynomial R2>0.94, and fractional R2>0.85) gave the best description for the color change kinetics of milled beets. Developed TSS prediction models from the color measurements based on Page model constant, kp with color parameter, L* gave good prediction (R2=0.99), also did the simple linear model based on direct color values (R2=0.98). Measurement and mathematical modeling of milled industrial beets color kinetics will serve as important quality assessment tool in processing the beets for various renewable fuel and products applications.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences (1 July 2013 - 5 Sept 2019)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences (1 July 2013 - 5 Sept 2019)
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 03:09
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 06:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: browning index, color calibration, feedstock, mathematical model, MATLAB, sugar beet
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.12.001
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35697

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