Psychological maladjustment mediates the relation between remembrances of parental rejection in childhood and adults’ fear of intimacy

Rohner, R. P. and Filus, A. and Melendez-Rhodes, T. and Kuyumcu, B. and Machado, F. and Roszak, J. and Hussain, S. and Chyung, Y.-J. and Senese, V. P. and Daneshmandi, S. and Ashdown, B. K. and Giovazolias, T. and Glavak-Tkalic, R. and Chen, S. and Uddin, M. K. and Harris, S. and Gregory, N. and Favero, M. and Zahra, S. and Lee, J. and Miranda, M. C. and Izadikhah, Z. and Brown, C. M. and Giotsa, A. and Vulic-Prtoric, A. and Li, X. and Khaleque, A. and Karadeniz, G. and Machado, M. and Gul, S. and Bacchini, D. and Faherty, A. N. and Zoroja, A. and Aktar, R. and Perrella, R. and Camden, A. A.. and Hossain, M. A. and Roy, K. (2019) Psychological maladjustment mediates the relation between remembrances of parental rejection in childhood and adults’ fear of intimacy. Cross-Cultural Research. pp. 1-35. ISSN 1069-3971

Abstract

This study assesses interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory’s (IPARTheory’s) prediction that adults’ (both men’s and women’s) remembrances of parental (both maternal and paternal) rejection in childhood are likely to be associated with adults’ fear of intimacy, as mediated by adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety. The study also assesses the prediction that these associations will not vary significantly by gender, ethnicity, language, culture, or other such defining conditions. To test these predictions a sample of 3,483 young adults in 13 nations responded to the mother and father versions of the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (short forms), Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (short form), the Interpersonal Relationship Anxiety Questionnaire, the Fear of Intimacy Scale, and the Revised Personal Information Form. Results of multigroup analyses showed that adults’ remembrances of both maternal and paternal rejection in childhood independently predicted men’s and women’s fear of intimacy in all 13 countries. However, remembered maternal rejection was a significantly stronger predictor of adults’ fear of intimacy than was remembered paternal rejection. Results also confirmed the prediction in all 13 countries and across both genders that both maternal and paternal rejection independently predicted adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety, which in turn predicted fear of intimacy. In addition, psychological maladjustment partially mediated the relation between remembrances of maternal and paternal rejection, and adults’ fear of intimacy in all 13 countries and both genders.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: ArticleFirst version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2019 04:32
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 06:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: parental rejection, fear of intimacy, psychological maladjustment, interpersonal anxiety, interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory), gender
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/1069397118822992
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35676

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