Australian nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention: a cross-sectional study

Usher, Kim and Woods, Cindy and Brown, Janie and Power, Tamara and Lea, Jackie and Hutchinson, Marie and Mather, Carey and Miller, Andrea and Saunders, Annette and Mills, Jane and Zhao, Lin and Yates, Karen and Bodak, Marie and Southern, Joanne and Jackson, Debra (2018) Australian nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 81. pp. 14-20. ISSN 0020-7489

Abstract

Abstract
Aim The aim of this study was to assess student nurses' knowledge of and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention evidence-based guidelines.

Background
Pressure injuries are a substantial problem in many healthcare settings causing major harm to patients, and generating major economic costs for health service providers. Nurses have a crucial role in the prevention of pressure injuries across all health care settings.

Design
A multi-centered, cross-sectional study was conducted using a paper-based questionnaire with undergraduate nursing students enrolled in seven universities with campuses across five Australian states (Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania).

Methods
Data were collected from nursing students using two validated instruments (Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Assessment Instrument and Attitude Toward Pressure Ulcer Prevention Instrument), to measure students' pressure injury prevention knowledge and attitudes.

Results
Students reported relatively low pressure injury prevention knowledge scores (51%), and high attitude scores (78%). Critical issues in this study were nursing students' lack of knowledge about preventative strategies to reduce the amount and duration of pressure/shear, and lower confidence in their capability to prevent pressure injury. Level of education and exposure to working in a greater number of different clinical units were significantly related to pressure injury prevention knowledge and attitude scores.

Conclusion
The study findings highlight the need to implement a comprehensive approach to increasing Australian nursing students' pressure injury prevention and management knowledge, as well as ensuring that these students have adequate experiences in clinical units, with a high focus on pressure injury prevention to raise their personal capability.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 23:39
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2019 03:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitudes, guidelines, knowledge, nursing student, patient safety, pressure injury
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmurstu.2018.01.015
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35603

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