An improved detached-leaf assay for phenotyping net blotch of barley caused by Pyrenophora teres

El-Mor, Iman and Fowler, Ryan and Platz, Greg and Sutherland, Mark and Martin, Anke (2018) An improved detached-leaf assay for phenotyping net blotch of barley caused by Pyrenophora teres. Plant Disease, 102 (4). pp. 760-763. ISSN 0191-2917

Abstract

Net blotch, caused by Pyrenophora teres, is a major barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaf disease worldwide. P. teres occurs as two forms—P. teres f. teres, and P. teres f. maculata—inducing net and spot-like symptoms, respectively. An intact-seedling assay, where entire seedlings are inoculated by spraying with a conidial suspension, is frequently used for phenotyping net blotch. However, this presents a biosecurity risk in the glasshouse when nonlocal isolates are being screened. Alternatively, a detached-leaf assay (DLA-droplet method) can be used in which leaf segments laid out in a covered tray are inoculated with droplets of a conidial suspension, confining the inoculum. However, using this method, net and spot form symptoms cannot be distinguished from each other. We have developed an improved DLA (DLA-spray method) in which detached whole leaves are sprayed with the inoculum to produce distinct lesions. We compare the results for the three phenotyping methods above using four isolates from both net and spot forms of the disease to inoculate a standard set of eight barley genotypes. Results indicate that the DLA-spray method is a functional, informative and rapid test that readily differentiates the two forms of the pathogen in a biosecure environment.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Crop Health
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 05:29
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2019 23:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: net blotch; barley; Pyrenophora teres
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-07-17-0980-RE
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35568

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