Mechanically robust, flame-retardant poly(lactic acid) biocomposites via combining cellulose nanofibers and ammonium polyphosphate

Yin, Weida and Chen, Lei and Lu, Fengzhu and Song, Pingan and Dai, Jinfeng and Meng, Linghui (2018) Mechanically robust, flame-retardant poly(lactic acid) biocomposites via combining cellulose nanofibers and ammonium polyphosphate. ACS Omega, 3 (5). pp. 5615-5626. ISSN 2470-1343

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Abstract

Expanding the application range of flame-retardant polymer biocomposites remains a huge challenge for a sustainable society. Despite largely enhanced flame retardancy, until now the resultant poly(lactic acid) (PLA) composites still suffer reduced tensile strength and impact toughness due to improper material design strategies. We, herein, demonstrate the design of a green flame retardant additive (ammonium polyphosphate (APP)@cellulose nanofiber (CNF)) via using the cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) as the green multifunctional additives hybridized with ammonium polyphosphate (APP). The results show that PLA composite with 5 wt % loading of APP@CNF can pass the UL-94 V-0 rating, besides a high limited oxygen index of 27.5%, indicative of a significantly enhanced flame retardancy. Moreover, the 5 wt % of APP@CNF enables the impact strength (σi) of the PVA matrix to significantly improve from 7.63 to 11.8 kJ/m2 (increase by 54%), in addition to a high tensile strength of 50.3 MPa for the resultant flame-retardant PLA composite. The enhanced flame retardancy and mechanical strength performances are attributed to the improved dispersion of APP@CNF and its smaller phase size within the PLA matrix along with their synergistic effect between APP and CNF. This work opens up a facile innovative methodology for the design of high-performance ecofriendly flame retardants and their advanced polymeric composites.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 04:40
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2019 23:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: thermal-properties; carbon nanotubes; phosphorus; polypropylene; composites; nanocomposites; intumescence; association; stability; nitrogen
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091299 Materials Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8699 Other Manufacturing > 869999 Manufacturing not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b00540
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35560

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