A lignin-based nano-adsorbent for superfast and highly selective removal of phosphate

Zong, Enmin and Huang, Guobo and Liu, Xiaohuan and Lei, Weiwei and Jiang, Shengtao and Ma, Zhongqing and Wang, Jifu and Song, Pingan (2018) A lignin-based nano-adsorbent for superfast and highly selective removal of phosphate. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6 (21). pp. 9971-9983. ISSN 2050-7488

Abstract

The design of environmentally benign cost-effective adsorbent for superfast removal of phosphate from wastewater is vital but remains a huge challenge. Herein, we have developed a recyclable, low-cost nanostructured bio-adsorbent, poly(ethyleneimine)-graft-alkali lignin loaded with nanoscale lanthanum hydroxide (AL-PEI-La) by a facile fabrication. AL-PEI-La was found to exhibit an excellent adsorption performance toward phosphate ions. For example, 94% of the phosphate ions from 40 mL of a solution containing 50 mg P L-1 phosphate ions were removed in 60 min. Additionally, in a low phosphate concentration wastewater of 2.0 mg P L-1, 95% of phosphate was removed in just 1 min and 99% of phosphate was removed in 15 min and the phosphate concentration dramatically decreased below 50 μg P L-1, which met the standard of eutrophication prevention. The saturated adsorption capacity of AL-PEI-La for phosphate ions was found to be 65.79 mg P g-1, which is 33 times larger than that of lignin. The AL-PEI-La shows strong anti-jamming capability in terms of pH value (3.0-9.0) and ionic strength of aqueous solution exhibiting highly selective capacity for phosphate removal. The interactions among surface precipitation and ligand exchange are predominantly responsible for the adsorption process. Importantly, it shows a good reusability and 85.76% of the original adsorption capacity retains after 3 cycles. Thus, the as-designed nanostructured bio-adsorbent with exceptional adsorption effectiveness and efficiency is expected to find extensive applications for remediating the phosphate-contaminated waters.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2019 02:55
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 03:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: aqueous-solution; waste-water; adsorption mechanism; enhanced adsorption; efficient; oxide; iron; composite; biochar; ions
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8699 Other Manufacturing > 869999 Manufacturing not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1039/C8TA01449C
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35559

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