Behaviour of pultruded GFRP truss system connected using through-bolt with mechanical insert

Hizam, R. M. and Manalo, Allan C. and Karunasena, Warna and Bai, Yu (2019) Behaviour of pultruded GFRP truss system connected using through-bolt with mechanical insert. Composites Part B: Engineering, 168. pp. 44-57. ISSN 1359-8368


This paper presents the experimental and analytical studies of double-chorded composite truss system connected using stainless steel through-bolts with mechanical inserts. The composite trusses were assembled using rectangular hollow sections of pultruded glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) where adhesively bonded mechanical inserts were introduced at the vicinity of the joining areas. The trusses were tested under 4-point bending (Load Case 1) and 3-point bending (Load Case 2). From this experimental program, the load-vertical deflection behaviour of the truss, internal forces distribution in the members and joint behaviour were investigated. The pultruded GFRP truss under Load Case 1 was capable of resisting the maximum load capacity of the testing equipment at 450 kN with the lowest factor of safety of 1.10 was attained by the external diagonal members. High axial compression forces experienced by the external diagonal members has exceeded the American pre-standard theoretical joint bearing capacity by 2%, and this was reflected by the minor bearing damage observed on the joints of these members. Meanwhile, the truss under Load Case 2 failed at 160 kN with the continuous top chords ruptured in flexural bending manner. The satisfactory comparisons between the Strand 7 truss model and experimental results demonstrated the validity of the adopted simplified numerical model. Additionally, the theoretical strength limits of pultruded GFRP truss members in tension, compression and flexural according to American pre-standard are in close agreement with the experimental results.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2019 04:19
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 03:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: pultruded FRP; truss; tubular section; hollow section; bolted connection; joint insert
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870303 Polymeric Materials (e.g. Paints)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.052

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