Body image as a predictor of nonsuicidal self-injury in women: a longitudinal study

Black, Emma B. and Garratt, Maria and Beccaria, Gavin and Mildred, Helen and Kwan, Marcella (2019) Body image as a predictor of nonsuicidal self-injury in women: a longitudinal study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 88. pp. 83-89. ISSN 0010-440X

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether Body Image Dissatisfaction (BID) predicted NonSuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) cross-sectionally and longitudinally, independent of comorbidity between NSSI and Disordered Eating (DE). Another aim was to determine whether BID could predict number of NSSI methods present.
Method: Adult females completed measures of NSSI and DE (n = 283); and a longitudinal sample (n = 106) completed these measures again one year later.
Results: BID was a small yet significant predictor of NSSI both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Poorer BID significantly explained a greater number of NSSI methods cross-sectionally and longitudinally.
Conclusions: BID explains unique variance in NSSI (including increased number of methods), and is not a function of comorbidity with DE. This has the potential to influence theory, as well as inform early intervention initiatives for BID in females. Further research is required to determine other variables implicated in this relationship, as well as whether these findings are applicable to other groups such as adolescents and males.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under the CC BY-NC-ND license 4.0.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2019 01:16
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 04:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-injury; disordered eating; females; early intervention
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.11.010
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35350

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