Mixtures of n-butanol and iso-butanol blended with diesel: experimental investigation of combustion characteristics, engine performance and emission levels in a compression ignition engine

Algayyim, Sattar Jabbar Murad and Wandel, Andrew P. and Yusaf, Talal (2018) Mixtures of n-butanol and iso-butanol blended with diesel: experimental investigation of combustion characteristics, engine performance and emission levels in a compression ignition engine. Biofuels. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1759-7269

Abstract

The isomers of butanol have slightly different properties, which can be exploited to improve combustion characteristics. To investigate the potential of this concept, normal-butanol (nB) and iso-butanol (isoB) were blended together in four different ratios (5% of each, 10% of each, and 7% plus 13% of each in both variations, by volume) with conventional diesel. The experimental data were analyzed via analysis of variance to evaluate significant differences between engine parameters. Brake power for the 5% isoB–5% normal-butanol–90% diesel blend was slightly improved while specific fuel consumption was increased with the increase in all dual blends. The high blend ratios of isoB (10% and 13% isoB) produced higher peak in-cylinder pressures and heat release rates as well as a substantial reduction in carbon monoxide emissions. The higher blend ratios of nB (10% and 13% nB) produced much lower unburnt hydrocarbon emissions because the energy required to crack the C–H bonds of nB is less than that required for isoB. Therefore, the hydrocarbons are more easily oxygenated. A slight reduction was found in NOx emissions when increasing either nB or isoB, with nB being slightly more effective. Therefore, a blend of n- and isoB could be a promising alternative to a single isomer additive (iso/nB) to optimize engine performance.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 20 Nov 2018. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 06:01
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 03:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: iso-butanol; n-butanol
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090201 Automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/17597269.2018.1493565
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/35160

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