Properties and structural behavior of concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil

Abousnina, Rajab and Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena and Al-Jabri, Khalifa (2018) Properties and structural behavior of concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil. Construction and Building Materials, 189. pp. 1214-1231. ISSN 0950-0618


Mixing crude oil contaminated sand with cement and using this mix as an alternative construction material is considered an innovative and cost-effective approach to reduce its negative environmental impact. In this study, the compressive and splitting tensile strength of concrete with different levels of light crude oil contamination (0, 1, 2, 6, 10 and 20%) were evaluated. Microstructure observation was also conducted to better understand better on how the oil contamination is affecting the concrete properties. The bond strength of steel reinforcement and a comparative evaluation of the flexural behaviour of steel reinforced beams using concrete with 0% and 6% oil contamination was carried out. Results showed that concrete with light crude oil contamination can retain most of its compressive and splitting tensile strength at a contamination level of up to 6%. A good bond between the steel reinforcement and concrete can be achieved up to this level of oil contamination. The concrete beam with 6% oil contamination exhibited only a 20% reduction in the moment capacity compared to a beam using uncontaminated concrete. Simplified empirical equations were also proposed to reliably predict the mechanical properties of concrete containing oil contaminated sand.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted Version embargoed until 1 December 2019 (12 months), in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 04:33
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 05:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: concrete; oil contamination; mechanical properties; bond strength; bending
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.089

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