Effects of driver familiarity and prolonged or intermittent right-side failure on level crossing safety

Wullems, Christian and Haworth, Narelle L. and Larue, Gregoire and Haines, Andrew and Gildersleeve, Matthew (2014) Effects of driver familiarity and prolonged or intermittent right-side failure on level crossing safety. In: 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, 19-23 July 2014, Kraków, Poland .

Abstract

This paper investigates the adverse effects of familiarity and human factors issues associated with the reliability of
low-cost warning devices at level crossings. The driving simulator study featured a repetitive, low workload,
monotonous driving task in which there were no failures of the level crossing (control) or prolonged or intermittent
right-side failures (where the device reverts to a safe failure mode). The results of the experiment provided mixed
support for the familiarity hypothesis. Four of the 23 participants collided with the train when it first appeared on
trial 10 but safety margins increased from the first train to the next presentation of a train (trial 12). Contrary to
expectations, the safety margins decreased with repeated right-side failure only for the intermittent condition. The
limited head movement data showed that participants in the prolonged failure condition were more likely to turn
their head to check for trains in the right-side failure trials than in earlier trials where there was no signal and no train. Few control participants turned their head to check for trains when no signal was presented. This research
highlights the need to consider repetitive tasks and workload in experimental design and accident investigation at railway level crossings.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (UNSPECIFIED)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2014).
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2018 05:40
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 04:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: railway level crossing, driver behavior, right-side failure, simulation
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
12 Built Environment and Design > 1204 Engineering Design > 120401 Engineering Design Empirical Studies
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091599 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34971

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