Self-esteem and perfectionism in elite athletes: effects on competitive anxiety and self-confidence

Koivula, Nathalie and Hassmen, Peter and Fallby, Johan (2002) Self-esteem and perfectionism in elite athletes: effects on competitive anxiety and self-confidence. Personality and Individual Differences, 32 (5). pp. 865-875. ISSN 0191-8869


[Abstract]; The setting of high standards is an integral part of elite sports, and often beneficial for the athlete’s performance. However, individuals who are characterized by frequent cognitions about the attainment of ideal, perfectionistic standards, have been shown to be likely to experience heightened levels of anxiety, due
to discrepancies between ideal and current self/situation. This could of course be detrimental to their sport
performance. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between different patterns of perfectionistic
dimensions and sport-related competitive anxiety and self-confidence, for elite athletes with different self-esteem strategies. The results revealed that the relation between self-esteem and perfectionism differs depending on which dimensions of self-esteem and perfectionism that are being considered. Athletes with a high self-esteem based on a respect and love for themselves had more positive patterns of perfectionism, whereas athletes who have a self-esteem that is dependent on competence aspects showed a more
negative perfectionism. Further, negative patterns of perfectionism were in the present study related to
higher levels of cognitive anxiety and lower levels of self-confidence. Hence, it seems that sport related
anxiety is positively associated to certain patterns of perfectionism, patterns that are more common in
individuals with specific self-esteem strategies.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Awaiting Author's version. Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2007 06:15
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: elite athletes; perfectionism; personality; anxiety; self-confidence
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology

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