Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System integrated with solar zenith angle for forecasting sub-tropical photosynthetically active radiation

Deo, Ravinesh C. and Downs, Nathan J. and Adamowski, Jan F. and Parisi, Alfio V. (2018) Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System integrated with solar zenith angle for forecasting sub-tropical photosynthetically active radiation. Food and Energy Security, 8 (1).

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Advocacy for climate mitigation aims to minimize the use of fossil fuel and to support clean energy adaptation. While alternative energies (e.g., biofuels) extracted from feedstock (e.g., micro‐algae) represent a promising role, their production requires reliably modeled photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). PAR models predict energy parameters (e.g., algal carbon fixation) to aid in decision‐making at PAR sites. Here, we model very short‐term (5‐min scale), sub‐tropical region's PAR with an Adaptive Neuro‐Fuzzy Inference System model with a Centroid‐Mean (ANFIS‐CM) trained with a non‐climate input (i.e., only the solar angle, θZ). Accuracy is benchmarked against genetic programming (GP), M5Tree, Random Forest (RF), and multiple linear regression (MLR). ANFIS‐CM integrates fuzzy and neural network algorithms, whereas GP adopts an evolutionary approach, M5Tree employs binary decision, RF employs a bootstrapped ensemble, and MLR uses statistical tools to link PAR with θZ. To design the ANFIS‐CM model, 5‐min θZ (01–31 December 2012; 0500H–1900H) for sub‐tropical, Toowoomba are utilized to extract predictive features, and the testing accuracy (i.e., differences between measurements and forecasts) is evaluated with correlation (r), root‐mean‐square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), Willmott (WI), Nash–Sutcliffe (ENS), and Legates & McCabes (ELM) Index. ANFIS‐CM and GP are equivalent for 5‐min forecasts, yielding the lowest RMSE (233.45 and 233.01μ mol m−2s−1) and MAE (186.59 and 186.23 μmol m−2s−1). In contrast, MLR, M5Tree, and RF yields higher RMSE and MAE [(RMSE = 322.25 μmol m−2s−1, MAE = 275.32 μmol m−2s−1), (RMSE = 287.70 μmol m−2s−1, MAE = 234.78 μmol m−2s−1), and (RMSE = 359.91 μmol m−2s−1, MAE = 324.52 μmol m−2s−1)]. Based on normalized error, ANFIS‐CM is considerably superior (MAE = 17.18% versus 19.78%, 34.37%, 26.39%, and 30.60% for GP, MLR, M5Tree, and RF models, respectively). For hourly forecasts, ANFIS‐CM outperforms all other methods (WI = 0.964 vs. 0.942, 0.955, 0.933 & 0.893, and ELM = 0.741 versus 0.701, 0.728, 0.619 & 0.490 for GP, MLR, M5Tree, and RF, respectively). Descriptive errors support the versatile predictive skills of the ANFIS‐CM model and its role in real‐time prediction of the photosynthetic‐active energy to explore biofuel generation from micro‐algae, studying food chains, and supporting agricultural precision.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This study was financially supported by Centre for Applied Climate Sciences.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 01:38
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 06:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: ANFIS‐CM; genetic programming; M5 Tree; multiple linear regression; photosynthetically active radiation; Random Forest; real‐time forecasting
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080110 Simulation and Modelling
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/fes3.151

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