Bioenergy and bioproducts in the Australian red meat processing industry: A case study

McCabe, Bernadette K. and Harris, Peter W. and Schmidt, Thomas and Antille, Diogenes L. and Lee, Seonmi and Hill, Andrew and Baillie, Craig P. (2018) Bioenergy and bioproducts in the Australian red meat processing industry: A case study. In: 2018 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting (ASABE 2018), 29 July - 01 Aug 2018, Detroit, United States.


Operations at meat processing plants result in the production of a range of solid and liquid wastes. Traditional solid waste management practices in Australia include rendering of offal, bones and blood into saleable products (example bone meal), composting (on-site and off-site) and off-site disposal whereas wastewater is treated on-site using anaerobic lagoons. The last decade has seen considerable interest in alternative technologies for the treatment of solid and liquid waste driven by a range of factors including rapidly increasing energy and fertilizer costs, increasing costs of disposal, odor emission and urban encroachment onto traditional rural areas and the potential for improved regulatory compliance.

This work provides an overview of closed-loop opportunities for the production of bioenergy and bioproducts using solid and liquid waste at Australian red meat processing facilities. Our investigations undertaken at one of Australia’s largest processing plants have centered on developing tools and practices that better manage waste streams. This work will present results on biogas process optimization of a covered high rate anaerobic lagoon including addition of trace elements and investigation of crust management strategies. The use of solid organic waste in co-digestion and investigations into the reuse of paunch as a fertilizer are also provided. In addition, a review of value added products in the form of blood products was carried out to identify new opportunities in this area.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2020 02:04
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2020 05:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agro-industrial; Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Blood products; Byproducts; Compost; Lagoons; Recycling of abattoir-derived waste; Slaughterhouse
Fields of Research (2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl. Carbon Sequestration Science)
09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070101 Agricultural Land Management
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8601 Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products) > 860109 Processed Meat Products
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960904 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Land Management
B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8608 Human Pharmaceutical Products > 860899 Human Pharmaceutical Products not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.13031/aim.201800980

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