Tree biomass quantity, carbon stock and canopy correlates in mangrove forest and land uses that replaced mangroves in Honda Bay, Philippines

Castillo, Jose Alan A. and Apan, Armando A. and Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Salmo, Severino G., III (2018) Tree biomass quantity, carbon stock and canopy correlates in mangrove forest and land uses that replaced mangroves in Honda Bay, Philippines. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 24. pp. 174-183.


Mangrove forests are important carbon (C) sinks in the tropics that are threatened by tropical deforestation and land use conversion, especially in Southeast Asia. Yet quantitative estimates are limited on the biomass (i.e. aboveground, belowground, downed woody debris) and tree C stocks of secondary, and converted mangroves in Southeast Asia. While some related studies have been conducted in Latin America and Central Asia, there is a need to assess different geographical areas and regional ecosystems, as well as to consider the impacts of mangrove conversion to other land use types. In this study, tree biomass and tree C stocks of secondary mangrove forests and four types of land uses that replaced intact mangrove forests (abandoned aquaculture pond, abandoned salt pond, coconut plantation, and cleared mangroves)
in the coast of Honda Bay, Philippines were quantified. Their relationships with selected canopy variables were evaluated. Our measurements revealed that mean tree biomass (±SE) of intact mangroves ranged from 22.4 ± 9.0 to 178.1 ± 32.0 Mg ha−1, which store 10–80 MgC ha−1 (mean: 47.9 ± 5.1 MgC ha−1). Leaf Area Index correlated with mangrove tree biomass C stock (r = 0.67, p < 0.05). In contrast, the biomass and tree C stock of the replacement land uses ranged from 0.1 ± 0 Mg ha−1 and 0.12 ± 0.1 MgC ha−1, respectively, in the abandoned aquaculture ponds to 12.0 ± 4.0 Mg ha−1 and 5.7 ± 1.5 MgC ha−1 in coconut plantation. Our results indicate the importance of mangroves in storing considerable amounts of C in tree biomass in the coastal area, and the C losses (46.5 Mg C ha−1 or 97% decline) in tree C stocks from conversion of mangroves to other land uses.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions. © Elsevier
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2019 06:21
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 06:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: mangrove forest; aquaculture pond; salt pond; biomass carbon stock; Southeast Asia; deforested mangrove land
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070504 Forestry Management and Environment
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.rsma.2018.08.006

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