Efficacy of delaying cotton defoliation to mitigate compaction risk at wet harvest

Roberton, Stirling and Bennett, John McL. (2017) Efficacy of delaying cotton defoliation to mitigate compaction risk at wet harvest. Crop and Pasture Science, 68 (5). pp. 466-473. ISSN 1836-0947

Abstract

A recent rapid change in the cotton harvesting system has increased the risk of soil compaction within the cotton industry with the inception of the John Deere 7760 cotton harvester, a round-bale module builder that weighs >36 Mg. This project involved a novel approach to reducing the risk of soil compaction, whereby cotton defoliation was delayed at times of high field moisture so that the evapotranspiration demands of the crop could be used to dry down the soil profile and consequently reduce the compaction risk at harvest. A field trial at Aubigny, Queensland, was used to evaluate the merit of the proposed management strategy in the 2014–15 growing season, in conjunction with a modelling approach to assess the long-term effectiveness of the strategy in several Australian cotton-growing regions. Although the proposed strategy did reduce the compaction risk, the risk reduction was insufficient for the strategy to be deemed effective. Nonetheless, a strong correlation was found between small changes in soil moisture and changes in observable compaction. An observed 10% increase in soil bulk density after traffic suggested damage to soil pore networks. Furthermore, the depth of compaction was observed well beyond the feasible cultivation depth (to 80 cm).


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 04:24
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 05:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil conservation, risk management, soil moisture management
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050305 Soil Physics
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070101 Agricultural Land Management
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9614 Soils > 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1071/CP17117
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34800

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