Towards incorporation of potassium into the disaggregation model for determination of soil-specific threshold electrolyte concentration

Dang, A. and Bennett, J. M. and Marchuk, A. and Marchuk, S. and Biggs, A. J. W. and Raine, S. R. (2018) Towards incorporation of potassium into the disaggregation model for determination of soil-specific threshold electrolyte concentration. Soil Research, 56 (7). pp. 664-674. ISSN 1838-675X


Use of non-traditional irrigation sources will increase with industry water demand, with many industry wastewaters (e.g. agri-industry processes such as milk factories, piggeries, wineries and abattoirs) containing appreciable potassium (K), which is known to result in soil structural decline if the concentration is sufficient. The threshold electrolyte concentration (CTH) is generally understood to represent the electrolyte concentration (directly proportional to electrical conductivity) at which a soil will remain stable when subjected to a solution of given sodium adsorption ratio, without limiting dispersion. However, current approaches to determine CTH do not incorporate K. Hence, this work seeks to investigate incorporation of K into the disaggregation model for CTH and validate this against equivalent sodium (Na) systems using an ionicity approach. A single generalised coefficient of equivalence for K relative to Na did not appropriately describe the system changes; this coefficient was specific to a soil and appeared to vary with the percolating electrolyte concentration. Incorporation of K into the disaggregation model, although not accurate with a universal coefficient of equivalence for K, was considered reasonable where no other approach could be used. This conclusion was drawn on the basis that the model would produce a conservative CTH under such circumstances, which would not cause undue degradation to the soil environment.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 01:55
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 22:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: dispersion, hydraulic conductivity, ionicity, sodicity
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl. Carbon Sequestration Science)
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050305 Soil Physics
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9614 Soils > 961499 Soils not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1071/SR17305

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