Sustainable Indian alumina refineries: beneficiation and reuse of bauxite residue

Fergusson, Lee and Nandi, Ashok (2015) Sustainable Indian alumina refineries: beneficiation and reuse of bauxite residue. Minerals & Metals Review, 16 (5). pp. 25-28. ISSN 0378-6366

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Alumina is produced by refining bauxite, which is stripped from open cut mines; aluminium, one of the world’s most important lightweight metals used in packaging, transportation and construction, is in turn produced by smelting alumina. About 259 million tonne of bauxite is mined annually throughout the world from a global
reserve of 55-75 billion tonnes, with 30% of bauxite mined in Australia (77 mt), 18% in China (47 mt), 13% in Brazil (34 mt), and 7% in India (19 mt), with the remainder
mined in countries such as Guinea, Jamaica, Indonesia, Malaysia and Russia. A byproduct of alumina production is bauxite residue, also called red mud, a hazardous waste produced at about 120 million tonnes per year. This article considers a sustainable reuse model for red mud.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 00:39
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 04:38
Uncontrolled Keywords: red mud, sustainable reuse, beneficial reuse, bauxite residue
Fields of Research (2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960911 Urban and Industrial Land Management

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