Anaerobic digester feed stream conditioning for increasing biogas production (Technical report 5)

Ng, Wun Jern and Trzcinski, Antoine and Wang, Chong and Tian, Xinbo (2013) Anaerobic digester feed stream conditioning for increasing biogas production (Technical report 5). Project Report. Unpublished . [Report]


In this fifth report we are presenting results of ULS and ozone at low energy inputs. No synergistic effect was observed on the TSS and VSS removals as well as on the methane production. In fact, there was no significant increase in methane production compared to the control. It was found that about 10-12 % TSS and VSS removals can be obtained at an ozone dosage of 4 mg O3/g TS (60 seconds). The combination with ULS did not result in higher removals.

Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) was used to shed more light on the hydrolysis of soluble compounds treated by ULS and ozone. It was found that ULS increased the concentration of high MW compounds (elution time 4-6 min) through the disruption of biological flocks, but was relatively inefficient to hydrolyze them. In contrast, ozone was very efficient to hydrolyze these high MW compounds as well as low MW compounds.

It was also found that the sequence ULS-ozone was more efficient than ozone-ULS. Ozone was able to hydrolyze further the high MW compounds generated by ULS whereas the opposite was not true. ULS was also not able to hydrolyze further the low MW compounds obtained after ozone, whereas ozone could further degrade the low MW generated by ULS. For the same conditions, ULS-ozone was able to produce lower MW compounds then ozone-ULS. However, significant foaming was observed during the ULS-ozone treatment and this issue increased as the time of treatment was longer because of the solubilization of proteins during ULS treatment.

Tests were carried out on the colloidal COD (>0.45 μm) and preliminary results indicated that it follows the same trend as Soluble COD (<0.45 μm), i.e. the ULS-ozone treatment did not provide synergistic effect on colloidal COD.

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Item Type: Report (Project Report)
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Unpublished report.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 07:06
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 01:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogas production
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400410 Wastewater treatment processes
40 ENGINEERING > 4011 Environmental engineering > 401102 Environmentally sustainable engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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