Quantitative and qualitative assessment of greywater for water demand management in Al Ain

Chowdhury, Rezaul Kabir (2014) Quantitative and qualitative assessment of greywater for water demand management in Al Ain. In: 13th International Conference on Urban Drainage (ICUD) 2014, 7-12 Sept 2014, Sarawak, Malaysia.


Water demand reduction and source diversification are the two most vital tools for the security of urban water supply. Recycling and reuse of greywater for non-potable end uses can be an effective alternative for the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The objective of this study is to assess greywater quantity and quality in the Al Ain city of UAE. About 100 homes across Al Ain were surveyed to estimate water consumption and greywater quantity. Randomly selected 11 houses were investigated to explore greywater characteristics. The average greywater generation rate was estimated to be 192 litre per capita per day, which is about 69% of the average internal water consumption. The generated greywater originates from shower (49%), ablution (18%), laundry (10%) and wash basin (23%). Greywater from all sources was found to be alkaline in nature. Laundry greywater was found to be highly deteriorated. While ablution greywater was found to be the least deteriorated, the presence of coliform bacteria was identified. Quantitatively it was shown that generated greywater is sufficient to fulfill the non-potable water demand. Qualitatively it was observed that shower and ablution greywater have significant potential for reuse. Outcomes from the study can be utilized for the selection of appropriate treatment technologies in greywater recycling and reuse.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 34340
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 06:22
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2018 01:31
Uncontrolled Keywords: greywater, quality, quantity, reuse, water demand
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34340

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only