Soil moisture forecasting by a hybrid machine learning technique: ELM integrated with ensemble empirical mode decomposition

Prasad, Ramendra and Deo, Ravinesh C. and Li, Yan and Maraseni, Tek (2018) Soil moisture forecasting by a hybrid machine learning technique: ELM integrated with ensemble empirical mode decomposition. Geoderma, 330. pp. 136-161. ISSN 0016-7061

Abstract

Soil moisture (SM) is an essential component of the environmental and the agricultural system. Continuous monitoring and forecasting of soil moisture is a desirable strategy to understand the soil dynamics for proactive planning and decision-making measures for agriculture and related fields. In this study hybrid data-intelligent, extreme learning machine (ELM) models are designed and explored for monthly SM forecasting. The chaotic, complex and dynamical behavior of SM can compound the accuracy of data-driven models. Consequently, two versatile, computationally efficient and self-adaptive multi-resolution utilities namely, complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN) and the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) algorithms are utilized to address these data non-stationarity issues, which if not resolved can lead to model prediction inaccuracies. The difference in these approaches is that, during the EEMD process, a Gaussian white noise is added to the intact (i.e., unresolved) time series only, while, the CEEMDAN requires sequential additions at each decomposition phase. Integration of these multi-resolution tools with the ELM model led to the hybrid CEEMDAN-ELM and the EEMD-ELM models, that were benchmarked with random forest (RF) equivalent models. Using WaterDyn model's hind-simulated SM data, these models were applied (without any climate inputs) to forecast the upper (0.2 m) and the lower layer (0.2–1.5 m depth) soil moisture in Australia's agricultural-hub, the Murray-Darling Basin. The standalone ELM and RF model has similar computation efficiency and model performances. However, despite the implementation of computationally expensive ensemble techniques (i.e., EEMD and CEEMDAN, the hybrid ensembles EEMD-ELM and CEEMDAN-ELM were highly efficient with improved performances. The research outcomes showed that the CEEMDAN-ELM model outperformed the alternative models at three (out of the seven) sites applied for upper layer SM forecasts, while the EEMD-ELM hybrid model was superior at all seven sites for the lower layer soil moisture forecasts. The study signifies the important role of the self-adaptive multi-resolution utility (CEEMDAN) hybridized with the ELM algorithm to potentially develop automated prediction systems for forecasting soil moisture, with potential applications in agriculture.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. This PhD study was supported by University of Southern Queensland Office of Research and Graduate Studies (ORGS) Postgraduate Research Scholarship (USQ-PRS) Grant # 2016 awarded to the first author. It was supervised by Dr Ravinesh Deo (Principal Supervisor) and Professor Yan Li & Tek Maraseni (Associates).
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2018 06:26
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 04:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: hybrid models; EEMD; CEEMDAN; ELM; extreme learning machine; random forest; soil moisture forecasting; drought-prone Murray-Darling Basin
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040104 Climate Change Processes
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080105 Expert Systems
04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040608 Surfacewater Hydrology
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080108 Neural, Evolutionary and Fuzzy Computation
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080110 Simulation and Modelling
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960303 Climate Change Models
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.05.035
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34287

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