Influence of SOI, DMI and Niño3.4 on South Australian rainfall

Chowdhury, Rezaul K. and Beecham, Simon (2013) Influence of SOI, DMI and Niño3.4 on South Australian rainfall. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 27 (8). pp. 1909-1920. ISSN 1436-3240


The influences of climate drivers (SOI, DMI and Niño3.4) on South Australian (SA) rainfall are investigated in this study. Recent records of monthly rainfall and climate driver index values from 1981 to 2010 were analysed for 53 rainfall stations, located across eight SA natural resources management (NRM) regions. The Pearson, Kendall and Spearman correlation tests were applied between rainfall and climate drivers and between the climate drivers themselves. Both SA summer (December to February) and autumn (March to May) rainfalls were found not significantly influenced by climate indices. Winter rainfall in the south and east parts of SA was found strongly influenced by both SOI and DMI, particularly in July and August. Both SOI and DMI are inter-correlated in winter. Spring rainfall was found significantly influenced by DMI in the south and east parts of SA, particularly in September and October. In terms of ENSO phenomena, whilst both SOI and Niño3.4 are correlated, SOI was found more to be influential than Niño3.4 for SA winter and spring rainfall. Outcomes of the study are useful for stochastic rainfall generation and for developing downscaling techniques to generate rainfall projections in the region.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 04:08
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2018 04:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate driver, rainfall, correlation, SOI, DMI, Niño3.4
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960304 Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s00477-013-0726-x

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