Applications of the cumulative rate to kidney cancer statistics in Australia

Brennan, Janelle and Chan, K. C. and Kippen, Rebecca and Lenard, C. T. and Mills, T. M. and Williams, Ruth F. G. (2018) Applications of the cumulative rate to kidney cancer statistics in Australia. In: Demography and health issues: Population aging, mortality and data analysis. The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 46. Springer International Publishing, Chan, Switzerland, pp. 97-106. ISBN 978-3-319-76001-8

Abstract

Cancer incidence and mortality statistics in two populations are usually compared by use of either age-standardised rates or cumulative risk by a certain age. We argue that the cumulative rate is a superior measure because it obviates the need for a standard population, and is not open to misinterpretation as is the case for cumulative risk. Then we illustrate the application of the cumulative rate by analysing incidence and mortality data for kidney cancer in Australia using the cumulative rate. Kidney cancer is also known as malignant neoplasm of kidney: we use the term kidney cancer in this paper. We define kidney cancer as the disease classified as C64 according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD10) by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Kidney cancer is one of the less common cancers in Australia. In 2012, approximately 2.5% of all new cases of cancer were kidney cancer, and approximately 2.1% of all cancer related deaths in Australia are due to kidney cancer. There is variation in incidence and mortality by sex, age, and geographical location in Australia. We examine how the cumulative rate performs in measuring the variation of this disease across such subpopulations. This is part of our effort to promote the use of the cumulative rate as an alternative to the age-standardised rates or cumulative risk. In addition we hope that this statistical investigation will contribute to the aetiology of the disease from an Australian perspective.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Management and Enterprise
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2018 06:09
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2018 05:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: kidney cancer, incidence, mortality, cumulative rate, descriptive epidemiology
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0807 Library and Information Studies > 080702 Health Informatics
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76002-5_9
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34234

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