Non-tuned data intelligent model for soil temperature estimation: a new approach

Sanikhani, Hadi and Deo, Ravinesh C. and Yaseen, Zaher Mundheer and Eray, Okan and Kisi, Ozgur (2018) Non-tuned data intelligent model for soil temperature estimation: a new approach. Geoderma, 330. pp. 52-64. ISSN 0016-7061

Abstract

In knowledge-based decision-support systems, soil temperature (ST) estimation can be considered as the core modeling task used for investigating the dynamics of solar energy exchange between the land surface and the sub-surface soil layers. In addition, the impacts of meteorological processes on energy uptake into the underlying soils and the design of more resilient and sustainable agricultural systems for improved crop health and resource management. In this paper, monthly ST estimation at various soil depths (i.e., 5, 50 and 100 cm) is performed by applying data-intelligent machine learning models: extreme learning machine (ELM), artificial neural network (ANN) and M5 Model Tree (M5 Tree). The predictive models are trained using meteorological information from two stations (i.e., Mersin and Adana, Turkey). The models are constructed using monthly input variables, including air temperature (T-air), windspeed (W), relative humidity (RH), solar radiation (SR), while the objective variable is the soil temperature measurement at 5, 50 and 100 cm depths for the period 1986–2010. Multi-objective performance criteria are applied to diagnose the predictive accuracy of the data-intelligent models, entailing the correlation coefficient (R), root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), Willmott's Index (WI), Nash Sutcliffe's coefficient (Nash) and the Legates & McCabe's Index (LMI). Based on the tested dataset, the ELM model is yielded the most accurate performance for Mersin station compared to the lower performance of ANN and M5 Tree models. For this case, the most accurate performance is attained for the ST estimation at a depth of 50 cm, with the highest value of R = 0.992, WI = 0.999, Nash = 0.981, LMI = 0.879 and the lowest value of the relative RMSE and MAE values (i.e., 4.7 and 4.0%, respectively), attained using T-air, W, RH and periodicity as the predictor variables. The performance results for the Adana station behave differently, where ELM is seen to exceed the ANN and M5 Tree models for ST estimation at the depths of 5 and 100 cm. On the other hand, the ANN model performs marginally better than the ELM and the M5 Tree model at a depth of 50 cm with a different set of input combinations. The assessment of the estimation skills reveals the efficacy of the ELM over the counterpart benchmark models. In accordance with the present results, it is concluded that ELM model can be applied as an ideal decision-support tool for soil temperature estimation at multiple depths, whilst ensuring that an appropriate combination of meteorological inputs is applied to yield an optimal model.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restrci5ted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the Publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2018 23:44
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 04:24
Uncontrolled Keywords: decision-support systems; extreme learning machine; artificial neural network; M5 model tree; agricultural precision; soil temperature
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080105 Expert Systems
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080109 Pattern Recognition and Data Mining
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080110 Simulation and Modelling
08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080108 Neural, Evolutionary and Fuzzy Computation
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960303 Climate Change Models
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.05.030
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34218

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