Greywater quality changes in laboratory scale vegetative biofiltration prototypes

Chowdhury, Rezaul K. and Abaya, Jameelu S. and Tsiksi, Taoufik and Mohamed, Mohamad M. (2017) Greywater quality changes in laboratory scale vegetative biofiltration prototypes. Journal of Water Management Modeling, 26 (C434). pp. 1-7.

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Greywater recycling and reuse is becoming a popular choice in many water-scarce regions. Greywater is the largest component of domestic indoor wastewater. However, in many arid regions, including the United Arab Emirates (UAE), this unconventional resource is under-utilized. Although, traditionally, a biofiltration system operates using stormwater, findings have shown that the operation of biofiltration systems in arid regions can be successful using greywater. This research endeavors to assess how the quality of the effluent from a biofiltration system changes with different vegetation, both native and introduced to the arid region (UAE). The prototype biofilters, planted with twelve ornamental plant species, were irrigated daily with an equal amount of synthetic greywater and the water quality parameters were monitored on a weekly basis. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed in order to statistically evaluate the consistency of results between the three replicates of each of the twelve species and, subsequently, the variation of treatment effectiveness among the twelve species with respect to eight water quality parameters. Most of the plants show a high degree of consistency between replicates; however, significant differences were observed across the selected plant species. The species Ficus nitida and Canna indica performed well in reducing pH. Except in the earlier stages of the experiment, all the systems were found to reduce turbidity by almost 100%. Overall, it was observed that Ficus nitida, Canna indica and Pennisetum setaceum performed well to improve greywater quality in the biofiltration columns.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: The Journal of Water Management Modeling is an open-access (OA) publication. Open access means that articles and papers are available without barriers to all who could benefit from them. Practically speaking, all published works will be available to a worldwide audience, free, immediately on publication. JWMM content can be downloaded, printed, copied, distributed, and linked-to, provided full attribution to both CHI and the author is given. JWMM content may not be re-published, either online or in print, without prior written consent of CHI. As such, JWMM can be considered a Gold, Gratis OA journal.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 30 May 2018 05:20
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 03:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: greywater, biofiltration, water quality
Fields of Research (2008): 12 Built Environment and Design > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120508 Urban Design
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090508 Water Quality Engineering
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330411 Urban design
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400499 Chemical engineering not elsewhere classified
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.14796/JWMM.C434

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