A framework for self-determination in massive open online courses: design for autonomy, competence, and relatedness

Martin, Neil I. and Kelly, Nick and Terry, Peter C. (2018) A framework for self-determination in massive open online courses: design for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 34 (2). pp. 35-55. ISSN 1449-3098

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In this paper, we propose a framework for the design of massive open online courses (MOOCs) based upon the principles of self-determination theory, which posits a relationship between intrinsic motivation and the basic psychological need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. We also report the results of design-based research that evaluates the application of the framework to a MOOC titled 'Elite Sport Performance: Psychological Perspectives'. Satisfying basic psychological needs is theorised as central to course design in order to foster intrinsic motivation, optimise engagement, and improve the retention of course participants. We chronicle the design, implementation, and evaluation of the course, providing examples of support features and learning activities. The course was offered over a period of four months, receiving more than 1000 registrations from across the world. Engagement measures, completion indices, and intrinsic motivation scores are reported as well as sample testimonies from learners. Results offer preliminary evidence that a design framework incorporating self-determination theory has utility in the development of MOOCs that successfully engage learners.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Digital Life Lab
Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 05:14
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 05:27
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-determination theory, open learning, online courses, MOOC, learning design, case study, open education
Fields of Research : 13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130306 Educational Technology and Computing
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930502 Management of Education and Training Systems
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.14742/ajet.3722
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/34066

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