Applications of the cumulative rate to kidney cancer statistics in Australia

Brennan, Janelle and Chan, K. C. and Kippen, Rebecca and Lenard, C. T. and Mills, T. M. and Williams, Ruth F. G. (2016) Applications of the cumulative rate to kidney cancer statistics in Australia. In: 4th Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Data Analysis International Conference with Demographics Workshop (SMTDA 2016), 1-4 June 2016, Valletta, Malta.

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Cancer incidence and mortality statistics in two populations are usually compared by using either the age-standardised rate or the cumulative risk by a certain age. We argue that the cumulative rate is a superior measure because it obviates the need for a standard population, and is not open to misinterpretation as is the case for cumulative risk. Then we illustrate the application of the cumulative rate by analysing incidence and mortality data for kidney cancer in Australia using the cumulative rate. Kidney cancer, which is also known as malignant neoplasm of kidney, is one of the less common cancers in Australia. In 2012, approximately 2.5% of all new cases of cancer were kidney cancer, and approximately 2.1% of all cancer related deaths in Australia were due to kidney cancer. There is variation in incidence and mortality by sex, age, and geographical location in Australia. We examine how the cumulative rate performs in measuring the variation of this disease across such sub-populations. This is part of our e�ort to promote the use of the cumulative rate as an alternative to the age-standardised rates or cumulative risk. In addition we hope that this statistical investigation will contribute to the aetiology of the disease from an Australian perspective.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © Copyright 2016 by ISAST: International Society for the Advancement of Science and Technology.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Management and Enterprise
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 02:46
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2018 03:27
Uncontrolled Keywords: kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma, incidence, mortality, cumulative rate, descriptive epidemiology
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0807 Library and Information Studies > 080702 Health Informatics
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970101 Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences

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