Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of geopolymer cement mortar

Abousnina, Rajab and Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena and Zhang, Zuhua (2018) Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of geopolymer cement mortar. Cement and Concrete Composites, 90. pp. 136-149. ISSN 0958-9465

Abstract

Fly ash and oil contaminated sand are considered as the two waste materials that may affect environment. This paper investigated the suitability of producing geopolymer cement mortar using oil contaminated sand. A comparison between physical and mechanical properties of mortar produced using geopolymer and Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), in terms of porosity, hydration and compressive strength, was conducted. The results showed that heat curing can increase the compressive strength of geopolymer mortar up to 54% compared to ambient curing situation. The geopolymer mortar with 1% of light crude oil contamination yielded a 20% higher compressive strength than OPC mortar containing sand with a saturated surface dry condition. Furthermore, the formation of efflorescence decreased as the level of oil contamination decreased. Moreover, the heat curing method increased the kinetic energy and degree of reaction for geopolymer cement mortar, which cause an increment of the density of the pore system and improving the mechanical properties of the resulting composites. From the results of this study, it was demonstrated that geopolymer mortar has the potential of utilizing oil contaminated sand, and reducing its environmental impacts.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 33963
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2018 05:40
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 00:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: geopolymer; cement mortar; strength; hydration; porosity; oil contaminated sand
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091299 Materials Engineering not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.04.001
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33963

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only