Enhanced anti-fouling property in membrane distillation by pore channel surface modification

Qiu, Haoran and Peng, Yuelian and Ge, Lei and Villacorta Hernandez, Byron and Zhu, Zhonghua (2018) Enhanced anti-fouling property in membrane distillation by pore channel surface modification. Applied Surface Science, 443. pp. 217-226. ISSN 0169-4332


Membrane surface modification by forming a functional layer is an effective way to improve the anti-fouling properties of membranes; however, the additional layer and the potential blockage of bulk pores may increase the mass transfer resistance and reduce the permeability. In this study, we applied a novel method of preparing anti-fouling membranes for membrane distillation by dispersing graphene oxide (GO) on the channel surface of polyvinylidene fluoride membranes. The surface morphology and properties were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscope, and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Compared to the membrane surface modification by nanoparticles (e.g. SiO2), GO was mainly located on the pore surface of the membrane bulk, rather than being formed as an individual layer onto the membrane surface. The performance was evaluated via a direct-contact membrane distillation process with anionic and cationic surfactants as the foulants, separately. Compared to the pristine PVDF membrane, the anti-fouling behavior and distillate flux of the GO-modified membranes were improved, especially when using the anionic surfactant as the foulant. The enhanced anti-fouling performance can be attributed to the oxygen containing functional groups in GO and the healing of the membrane pore defects. This method may provide an effective route to manipulate membrane pore surface properties for anti-fouling separation without increasing mass transfer resistance.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 04:48
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 23:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: surface modification; membrane distillation; anti-fouling; pore defects; graphene oxide; mass transfer
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030304 Physical Chemistry of Materials
09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961101 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water for Urban and Industrial Use
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.03.004
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33908

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