Mechanization of agricultural production in developing countries

Onwude, Daniel I. and Chen, Guangnan and Hashim, Norhashila and Esdaile, Jeff R. and Gomes, Chandima and Khaled, Alfadhl Y. and Alonge, Akindele F. and Ikrang, Elijah (2018) Mechanization of agricultural production in developing countries. In: Advances in agricultural machinery and technologies. Taylor & Francis (CRC Press), Boca Raton, Florida, United States, pp. 3-26. ISBN 978-1-4987-5412-5

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Agriculture is a main source of income, employment, and livelihood of a significant proportion of the
populations of developing countries. Agricultural mechanization has now been in progress for
several decades. However, it has been mainly confined to developed countries and a small number of
developing countries. Some of the developing nations have had little or no progress in this area of
agriculture production until recent times. Particularly, in sub-Saharan Africa, where 65% of agriculture
is still carried out by manual labor, 25% by animal traction, and only 10% is mechanized
(Esdaile, 2016). This is compared with the rapidly improved situation in countries like China,Sri Lanka, and Cambodia.

Mechanization of agricultural production requires the applications of modern technologies. These
technologies, however, are generally associated with relatively well-developed economies or largescale
farms. The application of these technologies in many developing countries in Africa, Asia, and
Latin America are limited by factors such as the technology’s compatibility with the environment,
availability of resources to facilitate the technology’s adoption, cost of the technology, government
policies, adequacy of the technology, and appropriateness in addressing the needs of the population.
As a result, many of the available resources have been inadequately used by farmers. This has led to
low productivity and high cost of production.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please note that the spelling of 'mechanisation' in the title of the Accepted version does not match the spelling - 'mechanization' - in the Published version.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 22 May 2018 02:57
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 23:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: mechanization, agricultural production
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4099 Other engineering > 409901 Agricultural engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8205 Winter Grains and Oilseeds > 820507 Wheat

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