How do climate change and associated hazards impact on the resilience of riparian rural communities in Bangladesh? Policy implications for livelihood development

Alam, G. M. Monirul and Alam, Khorshed and Mushtaq, Shahbaz and Filho, Walter Leal (2018) How do climate change and associated hazards impact on the resilience of riparian rural communities in Bangladesh? Policy implications for livelihood development. Environmental Science and Policy, 84. pp. 7-18. ISSN 1462-9011


Despite the increasing recognition of the need for building resilience among poor farmers in developing countries
in the face of changing climate conditions, there is a lack of information on the various factors influencing
their resilience capacity. This paper develops an indicator-based Resilience Capacity Index (RCI) aimed at a
better understanding of the factors influencing resilience capacity of the most hazard-prone riparian rural
households in Bangladesh, as a case study in a developing country. The RCI is a relative measure and the value
ranges between 0 and 1, where the higher the value the higher the resilience capacity. The index value of 0.297
for riverine mainland households is significantly higher than that for char (island) households (0.201). However,
the lower index values in both locations infers the households’ inability to cope with and adapt to the impacts of
climate change and associated hazards due to a lack of adaptation options along with their poor socio-economic
conditions. The main drivers of the resilience capacity include livelihood strategies, level of education, and
access to food, water and health services. Creating employment opportunities, increasing the level of education,
and ensuring access to food, water and health services are potential climate-resilient strategies that are likely to
enhance the resilience capacity of most vulnerable riparian households across Bangladesh, with some experiences
which may be replicable elsewhere.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 03:36
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 01:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh; climate change; rural households; vulnerability; Resilience Capacity Index (RCI)
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140218 Urban and Regional Economics
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160505 Economic Development Policy
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.02.012

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