Face-to-face instruction combined with online resources improves retention of clinical skills among undergraduate nursing students

Terry, Victoria R. and Terry, Peter C. and Moloney, Clint and Bowtell, Les (2018) Face-to-face instruction combined with online resources improves retention of clinical skills among undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 61. pp. 15-19. ISSN 0260-6917


Background: There is growing evidence that online resources used to develop clinical skills among students in
the healthcare professions can produce equivalent learning outcomes to traditional face-to-face trainingmethods. Whether clinical competence is retained equally well for online and face-to-face training methods is not yet established.

Objectives: The objective of the study was to compare retention of competence in using an IV infusion pump
among nursing students trained in its use using three different protocols.

Design: A quasi-experimental design was used.

Setting: The study was conducted in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at a regional university in Queensland,

Participants: Participants were 102 first year nursing students (female =89, male =13) enrolled in a medications
course, ranging in age from 18 to 44 years.

Methods: Three groups of participants were trained in the use of an IV infusion pump and competence was
assessed following a 26-week period of no access to the pump. Group 1 participants (ONL; n =34) were trained
online using an Intravenous Pump Emulator (IVPE); Group 2 participants (ONC; n=38) were trained on campus
using an actual IV pump in a traditional face-to-face setting; Group 3 participants (ONL +ONC; n= 30) were
trained both on campus using the actual IV pump and online using the IVPE.

Results: As hypothesised, no significant differences in learning outcomes, measured by assessment scores out of
80 points, were found between the ONL (M =68.7 ± 5.9) and ONC (M=65.5 ± 11.5; p > 0.05) groups. The ONL +ONC group recorded the highest mean assessment score (M =70.0 ± 5.0) and completed the assessment task significantly faster (p < 0.001) than the other two groups.

Conclusions: This study suggests that nursing students retained clinical competence in preparing and administrating
IV infusions better when face-to-face and online learning were combined.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2018 01:35
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 01:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: nursing students, retention, clinical, simulation, online technology
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2017.10.014
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33807

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