Evidence for retarded extinction of aversive learning in anxious children

Liberman, Lisa C. and Lipp, Ottmar V. and Spence, Susan H. and March, Sonja ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8425-7126 (2006) Evidence for retarded extinction of aversive learning in anxious children. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44 (10). pp. 1491-1502. ISSN 0005-7967


Abstract

The habituation to intense acoustic stimuli and the acquisition of differentially conditioned fear were assessed in 53 clinically anxious and 30 non-anxious control children and young adolescents. Anxious children tended to show larger electrodermal responses during habituation, but did not differ in blink startle latency or magnitude. After acquisition training, non-anxious children rated the CS+ as more fear provoking and arousing than the CS- whereas the ratings of anxious children did not differ. However, anxious children rated the CS+ as more fear provoking after extinction, a difference that was absent in non-anxious children. During extinction training, anxious children displayed larger blink magnitude facilitation during CS+ and a trend towards larger electrodermal responses, a tendency not seen in non-anxious children. These data suggest that extinction of fear learning is retarded in anxious children.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 01:45
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 01:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: fear learning; child anxiety; electrodermal responses; blink startle
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520399 Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2005.11.004
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33709

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