Strategies and barriers to adaptation of hazard-prone rural households in Bangladesh

Alam, G. M. Monirul and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: and Mushtaq, Shahbaz and Khatun, Most Nilufa and Filho, Walter Leal (2018) Strategies and barriers to adaptation of hazard-prone rural households in Bangladesh. In: Limits to climate change adaptation. Climate Change Management. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 11-24. ISBN 978-3-319-64598-8


The global farming communities have already experienced the impact of climate change in a range of ways and made their adaptation decision. Adaptation is, however, context-specific and varies across and within countries which warrants location specific research. This chapter presents the strategies and barriers to adaptation of hazards-prone rural households in developing countries using Bangladesh as a case study. The cross-sectional survey data were collected from 380 riverbank erosion hazard prone rural households in Bangladesh. The results reveal that households have undertaken a range of farming and non-farming adaptation strategies which varies significantly among farming groups. The large and medium farmers have adopted mainly agricultural adjustment such as diversifying crops and tree plantation. Whereas the small and landless farmers mostly adopted non-agricultural adjustments such as driving and migration. Access to credit and lack of information on appropriate adaptation strategies are among the important barriers to adaptation. Intervention by the government through planned adaptation, such as access to institutional and credit facilities, and new farming technologies and verities through agro-ecological based research are required to enhance the resilience of such vulnerable households.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 01 May 2018 02:26
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 02:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh, climate change, adaptation, riverbank erosion, barriers, rural households
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
14 Economics > 1499 Other Economics > 149902 Ecological Economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919999 Economic Framework not elsewhere classified
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9610 Natural Hazards > 961002 Natural Hazards in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
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