The structural-personal interaction: occupational deprivation and asylum seekers in Australia

Crawford, Emma and Turpin, Merrill and Nayar, Shoba and Steel, Emily J. and Durand, Jean-Louis (2016) The structural-personal interaction: occupational deprivation and asylum seekers in Australia. Journal of Occupational Science, 23 (3). pp. 321-338. ISSN 1442-7591

Abstract

Asylum seekers experience occupational deprivation in the context of restrictive social structures while awaiting refugee visa-status determination. How do social structures of citizenship status and policy shape asylum seekers? experiences? Asylum seekers? experiences in Australia are examined using constructivist grounded theory. Field notes from 10 months of weekly participant observation, 11 formal interviews, 34 survey responses and four policy documents are combined to identify a substantive theory - the Structural-Personal Interaction (SPI). The SPI explains how occupational deprivation arises from an interaction between social structures and personal characteristics. Social structures of citizenship status and policy interact with asylum seekers? personal characteristics, resulting in experiences of ?having nothing to do?, a fundamental component of occupational deprivation. From the SPI, new insights regarding occupational deprivation emerge. Occupational deprivation can stem from an interaction between social structures and personal characteristics. While the SPI is a substantive theory and further research across a range of settings would be beneficial for its generalization, occupational deprivation's structural roots and connections to human vulnerabilities and resilience are discernable when considered in light of the SPI. Strategies to address occupational deprivation might target changes to social structures as well as build on individual strengths and human diversity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 00:40
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 00:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: occupational deprivation; asylum seekers; social structures; refugees; qualitative research; occupational justice
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
18 Law and Legal Studies > 1801 Law > 180114 Human Rights Law
16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160602 Citizenship
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9402 Government and Politics > 940201 Civics and Citizenship
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2016.1153510
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33334

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