Effects of wood fiber size on the performance of biodegradable foam

Deng, Layun and He, Hongchen and Chen, Zejun and Liu, Shan and Chevali, Venkata S. (2017) Effects of wood fiber size on the performance of biodegradable foam. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 11 (3). pp. 206-209. ISSN 1556-6560

Abstract

Biodegradable foam for cushion packing materials was prepared with wood fiber and starch through mold foaming. This study investigated the effect of wood fiber size and content on the mechanical properties of the foam. The results showed the size and content of the wood fiber bearing significant influences on the density, compressive strength, and tensile strength of the resultant foams. Lower size of wood fiber aided in better foaming, and a 40 wt% of 125–180 μm wood fiber yielded the best mechanical properties among the blends investigated. The behavior of the foaming agent was a function of the foaming temperature, and 150 °C was deemed as the optimum temperature for foaming. The compressive strength increased with an increase in wood fiber fraction, whereas the tensile strength decreased with increased wood fiber fraction. Overall, physical and mechanical properties of the biodegradable foams developed herein showed potential as cushion packing materials.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2017 American Scientific Publishers.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 07:19
Last Modified: 03 May 2018 00:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodegradable foam; mechanical properties; size; wood fibre
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8605 Wood, Wood Products and Paper > 860599 Wood, Wood Products and Paper not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860607 Plastic Products (incl. Construction Materials)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1166/jbmb.2017.1662
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33299

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