Effect of yarn cross-sectional shape on resin flow through inter-yarn gaps in textile reinforcements

Endruweit, A. and Zeng, X. and Matveev, M. and Long, A. C. (2018) Effect of yarn cross-sectional shape on resin flow through inter-yarn gaps in textile reinforcements. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 104. pp. 139-150. ISSN 1359-835X

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Axial flow through gaps between aligned straight yarns with realistic cross-sectional shapes, described by power-ellipses, was analysed numerically. At a given fibre volume fraction, equivalent gap permeabilities have a maximum at minimum size of elongated tapering parts of the gap cross-section and a ratio of gap width to height near 1. When the yarn spacing is given in addition to the fibre volume fraction, calculated maximum and minimum values for the equivalent permeability of inter-yarn gaps, which occur at near-rectangular and lenticular cross-sections, differ by factors of up to 3.3. Novel approximations for the shape factor and the hydraulic diameter in Poiseuille flow were derived as a function of the fibre volume fraction, the yarn cross-sectional aspect ratio and the exponent describing the shape of the power-elliptical yarn cross-section. This allows the equivalent gap permeability to be predicted with good accuracy for any fibre volume fraction and yarn cross-section.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 03:57
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 23:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fabrics/textiles; Permeability; Numerical analysis; Resin flow
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091006 Manufacturing Processes and Technologies (excl. Textiles)
09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090102 Aerospace Materials
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.10.020
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33267

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