Production and application of ABE as a biofuel

Algayyim, Sattar Jabbar Murad and Wandel, Andrew P. ORCID: and Yusaf, Talal and Hamawand, Ihsan (2018) Production and application of ABE as a biofuel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82. pp. 1195-1214. ISSN 1364-0321


The increasing energy demand and more stringent legislation for engine pollutant emissions with the use of
carbon-neutral fuels have forced to use alcohol. ABE, a combination of acetone, butanol, and ethanol, is a
potentially fuel that can be produced from waste biomass via fermentation. Recently, this fuel has attracted
researchers’ attention due to its better performance and less emission as a diesel blend when compared to
ethanol. First, this article addresses past and recent research conducted in the field of biofuel (ABE) production
from lignocellulosic materials. Second, the development in ABE production efficiency is reviewed and various
methods of improving ABE production are presented. ABE from lignocellulosic materials (a green energy re-
source) can be improved through metabolic engineering of the fermenting yeast (Clostridia) and/or pre-treat-
ment techniques. Furthermore, the application of ethanol, butanol and ABE as biofuel blends is compared and
summarised considering three aspects (1) combustion characteristics; (2) as an additive blend of diesel fuel in
compression engines; and (3) as an additive blend of gasoline in spark ignition engines related to engine per-
formance and emission levels.
This study shows that ABE has the potential to become an important second-generation biofuel that can be
blended with diesel and gasoline for the following reasons: it is cheaper to produce compared to butanol, it is
possible to improve engine performance and it reduces exhaust gas emissions. Moreover, engine power is
comparable to diesel, and at the same time ABE releases fewer emissions such as CO and NOx than other fuel

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Winner of the USQ Publication Excellence Student Award for Journal Articles published during the period September - December 2017. Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2017 23:48
Last Modified: 26 May 2022 04:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: biofuel, acetone-butanol-ethanol, ABE fermentation, lignocellulosic, clostridium, substrate, diesel and gasoline fuel
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091303 Autonomous Vehicles
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4007 Control engineering, mechatronics and robotics > 400703 Autonomous vehicle systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9602 Atmosphere and Weather > 960201 Atmospheric Composition (incl. Greenhouse Gas Inventory)
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