Connectivity at Chinese airports: the evolution and drivers

Zhang, Yahua and Zhang, Anming and Zhu, Zhenran and Wang, Kun (2017) Connectivity at Chinese airports: the evolution and drivers. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice , 103. pp. 490-508. ISSN 0965-8564

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Abstract

This study calculates the connectivity of 69 Chinese airports and identifies the underlying drivers of the variation in airport connectivity over a period 2005–2016. Our connectivity model incorporates multiple discount factors including capacity and velocity penalties to correct for the quality of a connection. We find that Chinese airports experienced a great increase in air connectivity over the study period. Beijing Capital, Shanghai Pudong and Guangzhou Baiyun are far ahead of other airports in terms of overall connectivity and especially so in terms of international connectivity. However, the growth of some tourism cities and small cities has been stagnant and they suffered losses of connectivity at times. Airport competition measured by HHI, average fare, investment in local city’s fixed asset investment and airport facilities, macroeconomic conditions, and population are found to be closely associated with an airport’s connectivity. We also find that the presence of low-cost carriers is conducive for air connectivity, while HSR has the effect of decreasing airport connectivity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Submitted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 00:18
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 01:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: airport connectivity; connectivity drivers; Chinese airports; airport HHI
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140217 Transport Economics
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8803 Aerospace Transport > 880304 Air Terminal Infrastructure and Management
B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8803 Aerospace Transport > 880301 Air Freight
B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8803 Aerospace Transport > 880302 Air Passenger Transport
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2017.05.026
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/33197

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