Health care expenditure and health outcome nexus: new evidence from SAARC-ASEAN region

Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Khanam, Rasheda (2017) Health care expenditure and health outcome nexus: new evidence from SAARC-ASEAN region. In: 7th International Conference on Financial Management and Economics (ICFME 2017), 23-25 July 2017, Beijing, China.

Text (Accepted Version)
Health paper-Beijin Conference.pdf

Download (385Kb) | Preview
Official URL:


Background/ Objective: The main health status indicators in the SAARC-ASEAN region are far behind than those of OECD group and world average. Similarly, total health expenditure (% of GDP) in the region is also lower than that of OECD region and world. Therefore, this study aims to investigate a relationship between the healthcare expenditures and three main health status outcomes (life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate) in the region.

Methods: Using the World Bank data set for 20 years (1995-2014) in 15 countries of the region, a panel data analysis is conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models are estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditures on health outcomes. The separate effects of private and public health expenditures were also explored.

Results: Total health expenditure, public health expenditure and private health expenditure have significant effect in reducing infant mortality rate and the extent of effect of private health expenditure is greater than that of public health expenditure. Private health expenditure also has significant role in reducing crude death rate. However, the study has not found any significant effect of health expenditure on life expectancy at birth. Per capita income growth and improved sanitation facilities have also significant positive roles in improving population health in the region.

Conclusion: Healthcare expenditures, along with income growth rate and improved sanitation facilities, should be considered as an important determinant in improving population heath status in the region. The government and private joint initiatives should continue side by side to take the right actions for improving the health status outcomes.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 33056
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 23:49
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2018 03:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: healthcare expenditures; health status outcomes; panel data; SAARC; ASEAN
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only